Aftermath

The road and field on which the battle was fought were littered with dead and injured men from either side. The battle resulted in a very high rate of casualties, with about twelve to fifteen percent of combatants wounded or killed, compared to a fifteen percent rate for Gettysburg, one of the bloodiest battles of the war.

Both Stuart and Buford considered the battle a success for their sides: Stuart because he rendered Buford and Kilpatrick’s divisions too disorganized to continue advancing, and Buford because he had decimated Stuart’s corps and gained control of the Madison area. Though there are few official Confederate reports from the battle, the report submitted by Buford proclaims the battle “a great Federal success” (McDonald, 1907) .

The battle was also devastating to local residents due to the destruction caused by indiscriminate artillery usage, which destroyed several buildings and damaged a good deal of farmland. Land devaluation caused by the Battle of Jack’s Shop and other skirmishes that took place in the weeks afterward was a significant contributor to the economic downturn in Madison following the Civil War, more information about which can be found at the Madison page.

Content in this article was taken from a senior project produced by high school student Peter Rice at the Blue Ridge Virtual Governor's School in Madison County. To see the full paper with references, please visit his project website.
 
 
 

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